Nashik's History

Nashik is an ancient city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nasik is well known for being one of the Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Melawhich is held every 12 years

The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the “Wine Capital of India” as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.

As per Ramayana, Nashik is the location on the banks of Godavari river where Laxman, by the wish of Lord Rama, cut the nose of Shurpanakha and thus this city was named as “Nashik”.

Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 584 m (1,916 ft) from the mean sea level which gives it ideal temperature variation, particularly in winters.

The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.

Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is an ancient volcanic formation.

Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavarioriginates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi). Anjaneri near Nashik is traditionally considered the birthplace of Hanuman.

Civic administration

Nashik city is governed by the Nashik Municipal Corporation. Nashik is a district head quarters located on the banks of Godavari and is 185 km away from Mumbai. The city has developed on both the banks of Godavari which divides the city into almost equal halves.

The Municipal Commissioner of Nashik is Kailas Jadhav.

The ward committee consists of councillors representing the electoral wards within the territorial area of the ward committee.There are 6 ward committee’s namely Nashik (E), Nashik (W), Nashik Road, Panchavati, CIDCO and Satpur.[18] The main function of the committees is to approve the cost of works for the wards, incorporate the expenses in the budget etc.

Civic services

The Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) is planning to start major civic projects in 2020. Projects like the creation of more smart roads, setting up of 800 CCTVs, installation of LED streetlights, Goda beautification project, construction of two major water treatment projects (WTPs), upgradation of STPs, making smart parking operational, etc. would be given priority by the municipal corporation.

Public transport

The Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) plans to roll out its city bus service around Diwali. Civic officials described it as a Diwali gift for the citizens amid the Covid pandemic. The previous state government had given its nod to the NMC to take over the city bus service from the ailing Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC).

Solid waste management

In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled ‘Ghantagadi’ (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.

Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of
1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536.
Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.

The sex ratio is 894 per 1,000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1,000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age. In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November


In February 2016, The Statue of Ahimsa, a 108 ft idol of first Jain tirthankara Rishabhdev  carved in monolithic stone was consecrated at Mangi Tungi. It is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest Jain idol in the world.

 The Pandavleni Caves, or Nasik Caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE,]representing the Hinayana Buddhist caves and. Most of the caves are Viharas except for the 18th cave which is a Chaitya. The location of the caves is a holy Buddhist site and is located about 8 km south of Nashik.