Satara is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary, the Venna.The city was established in the 16th century and was the seat of the Chhatrapati of Maratha Samrajya, Shahu I. It is the headquarters of Satara Tehsil, as well as the Satara District. The city gets its name from the seven forts (Sat-Tara) which are around the city. The city is known as a Soldier’s city as well as Pensioner’s city.
The first Muslim invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj conquered Parali and Satara fort. After the death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Shahu Shivaji, heir apparent to the Maratha Kingdom, captured by Mughals when he was only seven years old, remained their prisoner till the death of his father in 1700. The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. Mughals released Shahu under certain preconditions in 1707, so that Marathas would face an internal war for the throne. Shahu returned to the Maratha Empire and claimed his inheritance. Aurangzeb’s son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort (Ajinkyatara) after a 6-month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Sambhaji, was crowned at the Satara fort. The direct descendants of Raja Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendant of Shivaji Maharaj.
Satara is located at 17.68°N 73.98°E.It lies in the Satara District.Satara city is surrounded by seven mountains. Satara lies on the slope of Ajinkyatara fort.It lies on the western side of the Deccan Plateau. Pune and Solapur are the main cities close to Satara.The city is surrounded by the tehsils of Koregaon on the West, Karad and Patan on the South, Jawali on the East and Wai on the North.
National Highway 48 (formerly National Highway 4) passes through Satara, between Karad and Khandala.Kaas Plateau, a valley of flowers, is situated 25 kms away from Satara.
The Satara District experiences earthquakes of minor magnitudes. the epicenter of these earthquakes are scattered in Phaltan district.
Satara is famous for Kaas Plateau, Thoseghar, and a lot of natural sites present in the vicinity of the city. Kass Plateau has been awarded as a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site (WHS). In the monsoon months, the Kaas Pathar, as it is locally known, transforms into a wildflower wonderland. More particularly so in September when vivid shades of pink balsams, yellow smithias, and blue utricularias carpet the vast grasslands. It’s a must-visit for serious botanists, amateur photographers to witness the spectrum of Western Ghats monsoon montane grasslands flora, some of which are rare and endangered.
Satara is located at foot of the famous Ajinkyatara fort. It is located on Kas plateau / Flower plateau, now a World Natural Heritage site.Satara has two palaces in the heart of
the city, the Old Palace (Juna Rajwada) and the New Palace (Nava Rajwada) adjoining
each other. The Old Palace was built around 300 years ago, and the New Palace was built about 200 years ago.
Satara has a unique statue of Shivaji standing near a canon, at Powai Naka. Generally, a
statue of Shivaji Maharaj has seen him riding the horse. Thoseghar Waterfalls around 20 km west of Satara. It is one of the best monsoon tourist places in the Western Ghats. People come from all over Maharashtra to visit the falls, especially during the monsoon season between July and October. Vajrai Waterfall, India’s highest waterfall, is around 22 km from Satara. And Sajjangad, around 15 km from Satara.
Satara hosts ‘Satara Half Hill Marathon’ each year.In 2015, they entered the Guinness
World Records book for Most People in a Mountain Run (Single Mountain) with 2,618 runners.
Apshinge Military is a small village in Satara district but it has historical significance as at least one member of every family in the village has served or is serving in the armed forces. The contribution of the village was recognized by the British government, which installed a memorial in the village in the memory of 46 soldiers who laid down their lives fighting for Britain during World War I.
Satara is well known for its sweet: Kandi Pedhe.Kandi Pedhe is a special delicacy of Milk which is prepared by pure full-fat milk available in nearby villages. It has its natural richness and sweetness. Kandi pedha has its unique test and is not sugar loaded
like other pedhas available in the market.