Maharashtra's Political History
Since its inception in 1960, and also of predecessor states such as Bombay, the politics of Maharashtra has been dominated by the Indian National Congress party. Maharashtra became a bastion of Congress party stalwarts such as Yashwantrao Chavan, Vasantdada Patil, Vasantrao Naik and Shankarrao Chavan.
The Congress party enjoyed a nearly unchallenged dominance of the state political landscape, until 1995 when the coalition of Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) secured an overwhelming majority in the state, beginning a period of coalition governments. Shiv Sena was the larger party in the coalition. From 1999 until 2014, the NCP and INC formed one coalition while Shiv Sena and the BJP formed another for three successive elections, which the INC-NCP alliance won. Prithviraj Chavan of the Congress party was the last Chief Minister of Maharashtra under the Congress-NCP alliance that ruled until 2014.
In the 2019 Loksabha elections, the BJP and Shivsena fought under the NDA banner, whereas the Congress and NCP were part of the UPA. The two alliances remained intact for the legislative assembly elections in October 2019. The BJP and Shivsena together gained the majority of seats in the assembly but could not form government due to squabbles between the two parties. The BJP–Shivsena alliance came to an end in early November 2019, with Shivsena subsequently forming a new alliance with its longtime rivals, the NCP and Congress, to form the new state government on 28 November 2019.
Other parties in the state include the All India Forward Bloc, the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena, the Communist party of India, the Peasant and workers party, the All India Majlis-e Ittihad al-Muslimin, Bahujan Vikas Aghadi, the Samajwadi Party, various factions of the dalit-dominated Republican Party of India, the Bahujan Samaj Party, and the Socialist party.
Shri Ram Nath kovind
President of India
Ram Nath Kovind
The President of India, officially the President of the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Rāṣhṭrapati), is the ceremonial head of state of India and the Commander in chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.
Vice President of India
Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
The Vice President of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Uparāṣhṭrapati) is the second-highest constitutional office in India after the President. Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that “There shall be a Vice President of India.” The Vice President acts as President in the absence of the president due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations. The Vice President of India is also ex officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. When a bill is introduced in Rajya Sabha, the vice president decides whether it is a financial bill or not. If he is of the opinion, a bill introduced in the Rajya Sabha is a money bill, he would refer the case to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha for deciding it.
Shri Venkaiah Naidu
Narendra Damodardas Modi
Prime Minister (PM)
is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation. He is the first prime minister outside of the Indian National Congress to win two consecutive terms with a full majority and the second to complete more than five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Chief Ministers (CM) of Maharashtra
Uddhav Bal Thackeray
Uddhav Bal Thackeray (born 27 July 1960) is an Indian politician serving as the 19th and current Chief Minister of Maharashtra. He is the president of Shiv Sena.
Though Thackeray never took any constitutional post in his political career initially, however after a brief political crisis, on 28 November 2019 as the president of the newly formed post-poll coalition Maha Vikas Aghadi. who founded the right-wing Shiv Sena, a Marathi ethnocentric political party. He was made the Pramukh (Chief) of Shiv Sena in 2004 by his father.
Shri Ajit Pawar
Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
Ajit Anantrao Pawar (born 22 July 1959) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra, who is the current Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra. He is a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly representing Baramati constituency. He is the nephew of Sharad Pawar, the chief of Nationalist Congress Party. Besides being the Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra, he is also the Finance Minister of Maharashtra.
Home Minister of Maharashtra
Anil Vasantrao Deshmukh is an Indian politician from the Nationalist Congress Party, and has been Member of 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 14th Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, representing Katol (Vidhan Sabha constituency). At present, he serves as Cabinet Minister for Home Affairs in the Maharashtra state government led by Chief minister Uddhav Thackeray. He also served as the Minister of Food & Civil supplies and Consumer affairs and Minister of Public Works Department in Government of Maharashtra. He earlier also served as Minister of State for School Education, Information and Public Relations and Sports & Youth affairs and Minister of State for Education and Culture in Government of Maharashtra.
Shri Bhagat Singh Koshyari
Governors of Maharashtra.
Bhagat Singh Koshyari (born 17 June 1942) is an Indian politician serving as the Governor of Maharashtra and the Governor of Goa (additional charge).An RSS veteran, Koshyari served as National Vice President of BJP and party’s 1st State president for Uttarakhand. He also served as 2nd Chief Minister of Uttarakhand (formerly Uttaranchal) from 2001 to 2002 and thereafter, he was the leader of the opposition in the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly from 2002 to 2003.
- Uddhav Thackeray (Chief Minister)
- Ajit Pawar (Deputy Chief Minister)
- Balasaheb Thorat (Revenue)
- Jayant Patil (Water Resources and Command Area Development)
- Subhash Desai (Industry Mining Marathi Language)
- Chhagan Bhujbal(Food & Civil SupplyConsumer Affairs)
- Aaditya Thackeray (Environment Tourism Protocol)
- Gulabrao Patil (Water Supply and Sanitation)
- Anil Deshmukh(Home Minister)
- Ashok Chavan (Public Works (Excluding Public Undertakings)
- Rajendra Shingne (Food and Drug Administration)
- Rajesh Tope(Public Health and Family Welfare)
- Hasan Mushrif(Rural Development)
- Nitin Raut(Engery)
- Varsha Gaikwad (School Education)
- Jitendra Awhad (Hosing)
- Eknath Shinde (Urban Development)
- Sunil Chhatrapal Kedar (Animal Husbandry,Dairy Development,Sports and Youth Welfare)
- Vijay Namdevrao Wadettiwar(Other Backward ClassesSocially and Educationally Backward Classes, Vimukta Jati ,Nomadic Tribes and Special Backward Classes Welfare,Khar Land Development, Earthquake Rehabilitation)
- Amit Deshmukh (Medical Education, Cultural Affairs)
- Uday Samant(Higher education and Technical ducation)
- Dadaji Bhuse(Agriculture,Ex. Servicemen Welfare)
- Sanjay Rathod(Forest Disaster Management Relief and Rehabilitation)
- Nawab Malik (Minorty Development and Aukaf Skill Development and Entrepreneurship)
- K.C.Padvi (Tribal development)
- Sandipanrao Bhumre (Employment Guarantee
- Anil Parab (Transport Parliamentary affairs)
- Aslam Shaikh (Textiles Fisheries Port Development)
- Yashomati Chandrakant Thakur (Women and Child Development)
- Shankarrao Gadakh (Soil and Water conservation)
- Dhananjay Munde (Social Justice and Special Assistance)
- Dilip Walse-Patil (State Excise Labour)