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Maharashtra's Political History

Yashwantrao Chavan

Yashwantrao Chavan

Since its inception in 1960, and also of predecessor states such as Bombay, the politics of Maharashtra has been dominated by the Indian National Congress party. Maharashtra became a bastion of Congress party stalwarts such as Yashwantrao Chavan, Vasantdada Patil, Vasantrao Naik and Shankarrao Chavan.

The Congress party enjoyed a nearly unchallenged dominance of the state political landscape, until 1995 when the coalition of Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) secured an overwhelming majority in the state, beginning a period of coalition governments. Shiv Sena was the larger party in the coalition. From 1999 until 2014, the NCP and INC formed one coalition while Shiv Sena and the BJP formed another for three successive elections, which the INC-NCP alliance won. Prithviraj Chavan of the Congress party was the last Chief Minister of Maharashtra under the Congress-NCP alliance that ruled until 2014.

In the 2019 Loksabha elections, the BJP and Shivsena fought under the NDA banner, whereas the Congress and NCP were part of the UPA. The two alliances remained intact for the legislative assembly elections in October 2019. The BJP and Shivsena together gained the majority of seats in the assembly but could not form government due to squabbles between the two parties. The BJP–Shivsena alliance came to an end in early November 2019, with Shivsena subsequently forming a new alliance with its longtime rivals, the NCP and Congress, to form the new state government on 28 November 2019.

Other parties in the state include the All India Forward Bloc, the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena, the Communist party of India, the Peasant and workers party, the All India Majlis-e Ittihad al-Muslimin, Bahujan Vikas Aghadi, the Samajwadi Party, various factions of the dalit-dominated Republican Party of India, the Bahujan Samaj Party, and the Socialist party.

Executive Branch

Ram nath kovind

Shri Ram Nath kovind

President of India

Ram Nath Kovind
The President of India, officially the President of the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Rāṣhṭrapati), is the ceremonial head of state of India and the Commander in chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

Vice President of India

Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
The Vice President of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Uparāṣhṭrapati) is the second-highest constitutional office in India after the President. Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that “There shall be a Vice President of India.” The Vice President acts as President in the absence of the president due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations. The Vice President of India is also ex officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. When a bill is introduced in Rajya Sabha, the vice president decides whether it is a financial bill or not. If he is of the opinion, a bill introduced in the Rajya Sabha is a money bill, he would refer the case to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha for deciding it.

venkaiah Naidu

Shri Venkaiah Naidu

Shri modi

Narendra Damodardas Modi

Prime Minister (PM)

Narendra Damodardas Modi
is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation. He is the first prime minister outside of the Indian National Congress to win two consecutive terms with a full majority and the second to complete more than five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Chief Ministers (CM) of Maharashtra

Uddhav Bal Thackeray

Uddhav Bal Thackeray (born 27 July 1960) is an Indian politician serving as the 19th and current Chief Minister of Maharashtra. He is the president of Shiv Sena.
Though Thackeray never took any constitutional post in his political career initially, however after a brief political crisis, on 28 November 2019 as the president of the newly formed post-poll coalition Maha Vikas Aghadi. who founded the right-wing Shiv Sena, a Marathi ethnocentric political party. He was made the Pramukh (Chief) of Shiv Sena in 2004 by his father. 

 

Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

Shri Ajit Pawar
Ajit Anantrao Pawar (born 22 July 1959) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra, who is the current Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra. He is a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly representing Baramati constituency.[1] He is the nephew of Sharad Pawar, the chief of Nationalist Congress Party. Besides being the Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra, he is also the Finance Minister of Maharashtra.

Home Minister of Maharashtra

Dilip Datta Walse (born 30 October 1956) is an Indian politician,from Ambegaon, Maharashtra, and a six-time Member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). He currently serves as the Minister of Home Affairs in the Government of Maharashtra. He formerly headed the Ministry of Finance and Planning, Energy Ministry, Higher and Technical Education Ministry, and Medical Education Ministry, all as a Cabinet Minister from 1999 to 2009.

He also serves as the President of National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Limited (NFCSF).

He became Maharashtra’s Home Minister on 5th April, 2021 succeeding Anil Deshmukh who resigned due to graft charges

Dilip Walse Patil

Dilip Walse Patil

Shri Bhagat Singh Koshyari

Shri Bhagat Singh Koshyari

Governors of Maharashtra.

Shri Bhagat Singh Koshyari
Bhagat Singh Koshyari (born 17 June 1942) is an Indian politician serving as the Governor of Maharashtra and the Governor of Goa (additional charge).An RSS veteran, Koshyari served as National Vice President of BJP and party’s 1st State president for Uttarakhand. He also served as 2nd Chief Minister of Uttarakhand (formerly Uttaranchal) from 2001 to 2002 and thereafter, he was the leader of the opposition in the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly from 2002 to 2003.

Cabinet Ministers

List of Chief Ministers of Maharashtra & their tenure Periods

SR.No

Chief Minister

From

To

Party Name

1

Uddhav Thackeray

28 Nov 2019

Present

Shiv-Sena

2

Devendra Fadnavis

23 Nov 2019

26 Nov 2019

BJP

3

President’s rule

12 Nov 2019

23 Nov 2019

 

4

Devendra Fadnavis

31 Oct 2014

08 Nov 2019

BJP

5

President’s rule

28 Sep 2014

30 Oct 2014

N/A

6

Prithviraj Chavan

11 Nov 2010

26 Sep 2014

INC

7

Ashok Chavan

07 Nov 2009

09 Nov 2010

INC

8

Ashok Chavan

08 Dec 2008

15 Oct 2009

INC

9

Vilasrao Deshmukh

01 Nov 2004

04 Dec 2008

INC

10

Sushilkumar Shinde

18 Jan 2003

30 Oct 2004

INC

11

Vilasrao Deshmukh

18 Oct 1999

16 Jan 2003

INC

12

Narayan Rane

01 Feb 1999

17 Oct 1999

Shiv-Sena (Sena-BJP)

13

Manohar Joshi

14 Mar 1995

31 Jan 1999

Shiv-Sena (Sena-BJP)

14

Sharad Pawar

06 Mar 1993

14 Mar 1995

INC

15

Sudhakarrao Naik

25 Jun 1991

22 Feb 1993

INC

16

Sharad Pawar

04 Mar 1990

25 Jun 1991

INC

17

Sharad Pawar

26 Jun 1988

03 Mar 1990

INC

18

Shankarrao Chavan

12 Mar 1986

26 Jun 1988

INC

19

Shivajirao Patil Nilangekar

03 Jun 1985

06 Mar 1986

INC

20

Vasantdada Patil

02 Feb 1983

01 Jun 1985

INC

21

Babasaheb Bhosale

21 Jan 1982

01 Feb 1983

INC

22

Abdul Rehman Antulay

09 Jun 1980

12 Jan 1982

INC

23

President’s rule

17 Feb 1980

08 Jun 1980

N/A

24

Sharad Pawar

18 Jul 1978

17 Feb 1980

INC

25

Vasantdada Patil

05 Mar 1978

18 Jul 1978

INC

26

Vasantdada Patil

17 May 1977

05 Mar 1978

INC

27

Shankarrao Chavan

21 Feb 1975

16 May 1977

INC

28

Vasantrao Naik

13 Mar 1972

20 Feb 1975

INC

29

Vasantrao Naik

01 Mar 1967

13 Mar 1972

INC

30

Vasantrao Naik

05 Dec 1963

01 Mar 1967

INC

31

P. K. Sawant

25 Nov 1963

04 Dec 1963

INC

32

Marotrao Kannamwar

20 Nov 1962

24 Nov 1963

INC

33

Yashwantrao Chavan

01 May 1960

19 Nov 1962

INC

Ministers of State

Abdul Sattar

Abdul Sattar

>> Revenue
>> Rural Development >>Ports Khar
>> land Development
>> Special Assistance

Rajendra Patil-Yadravkar

Rajendra Yadravkar

>>Public Health and Family Welfare
>> Medical Education
>> Food and Drug
>> Administration Textile
>>Cultural Affairs

Shambhuraj Desai

Shambhuraj Desai

>>Home (Rural)
>> Finance and Planning
>>State Excise
>>Skill Development And Entrepreneurship Marketing

Omprakash Kadu

Omprakash Kadu

>>Water Resources and Command Area
>>Development
>>School Education Woman and Child Development
>>Majority welfare and development
>> Labour

Dattatraya Bharane

Dattatraya Bharane

>>Public Works (excluding Public Undertakings)
>> Soil and Water Conservation
>> Forests
>> Animal Husbandry
>> Dairy Development and Fisheries
>> General Administration

Vishwajeet Kadam

Vishwajeet Kadam

>> Co-operation
>> Agriculture
>> Social Justice
>> Food, Civil Supplies And Consumer Protection
>> Minorities Development and Aukaf
>> Marathi Language

Satej Patil

Satej Patil

>> Home (Urban)
>> Housing
>>Transport
>>Information Technology
>>Parliamentary Affairs
>>Ex. Servicemen Welfare

Sanjay Bansode

Sanjay Bansode

>>Environment
>>Water Supply and Sanitation
>>Public Works (Public Undertakings)
>>Employment Guarantee
>>Earthquake Rehabilitation
>>Parliamentary Affairs

Prajakt Tanpure

Prajakt Tanpure

>>Urban Development >>Energy
>>Tribal Development
>>Higher and Technical Education
>>Disaster Management
>>Relief and Rehabilitation

Aditi Tatkare

>>Law and Judiciary
>>Industries and Mining
>>Tourism
>>Horticulture
>>Sports and Youth Welfare
>>Protocol
>>Information and Public Relations